HYPERBARIC MEDICINE - THE LIFE IS IN THE BLOOD
COMMENDATIONS FOR MALCOLM HOOPER AND 'THE LIFE IS IN THE BLOOD'
"Malcolm Hooper is passionate about hyperbaric oxygen and how it can help people all over the world suffering from pain and illness. Hyperbaric oxygen has helped me. I commend his book - The Life is in the Blood."
"Talk about getting punched in the gut when you’re not ready. First up I was told I had spinal stenosis, and then I tore my rotator cuff while snowboarding for which I thought I was going to get some PRP injections to heal my shoulder. Instead, I was told that I’m not ever going to be functional again. I called four of the best doctors I knew and they all said there was no solution. But I had made a promise to myself that I wasn’t going to suffer, so I kept searching and found a man in Melbourne Australia, Malcolm Hooper, who sent me before-and-after MRIs to show me how 100 hours of hyperbaric oxygen causes the body to release 800 per cent more stem cells than your body would ever get from any drug or other approach. So I went to his clinic and he wanted to test my cytokines, as well as my inflammation and heavy metal markers, and all of a sudden I was thinking, ‘What am I doing here?’ And yet my markers were extreme! I still have challenges with my spine, but on a zero-to-ten scale I would say I’m a nine."
‘Our medical system so often focuses on treating symptoms at an enormous cost to the community. The same medical system “plays down” the importance of healthy natural alternatives such as nutritious and anti-inflammatory diets, yoga and meditation. This failure particularly impacts disadvantaged people because of the information asymmetry that we see in our society. Hyperbaric oxygen uses oxygen at pressure to help revive and fuel the body. As a therapy it can be immensely helpful in improving health in our society. Used properly, it can also significantly reduce the cost pressure that we are seeing in our health system. This is particularly important given our aging population. It’s therefore a pleasure to see Malcolm Hooper’s book, which explains how hyperbaric oxygen can and should be used by modern medicine to improve health and reduce dependence on long-term pharmaceutical solutions. Malcolm is a leading expert in this area and has many years of practical “hands on” experience with using hyperbaric oxygen to deal with a whole range of maladies.’
Peter Hunt AM, Investor and Philanthropist Chairman of Greenhill Australia, Grameen Australia, So They Can and Founder and Director of Women’s Community Shelters
This is not so much a foreword as a celebration of the life and body electric as powered by the gases we breathe. It is also a celebration of the movement that has taken hold around the world for educating our fellow beings on the simplest body repair techniques in history. The best part of this history is how Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy has renewed the lives of many people. It has brought speech to the mute—whether the mutism was a result of autism, anoxia, trauma or stroke—and helped the lame to walk again.
Fellow board member of the International Hyperbaric Medical Foundation (IHMF) and author of the book you are about to read, Malcolm Hooper, has revolutionized the care of his fellow citizens in many creative ways. By combining robotic assisted walking therapy with hyperbaric oxygen therapy, for instance, quite a few Australian children are now walking when this was not expected in their development or progress by traditional physiatry care. One day soon there will be super-chambers with Lokomat devices putting into overdrive neuroplasticity improvements for the ambulation of our most vulnerable.
Just after Malcolm’s presentations at the International Hyperbaric Medical Association Annual Conference in 2016, Dr. Paul Harch, the past president and founder of the IHMF, remarked that we should expect to see continued progress in Hooper’s ‘multi-modality ground breaking achievements in orthopedics, neurology and sports medicine.’ Down Under, Hooper’s work continues under a microscope because his pioneering approach clearly threatens markets and upsets a paradigm of entrenched thought in medicine and healthcare. He is not of the ‘guild class’ of physicians, but he has innovated ‘physical therapies’ by using a device that pushes our reparative and regenerative capabilities by the simplest manner.
My role in medicine is primarily that of an observer. I am a clinical radiologist, a sort of photojournalist in medicine. We radiologists get to see the hand of our colleagues in clinical medicine from a distance. I have been privileged to help in the publication of scientific imaging with two of the world’s leaders in hyperbaric-cellular resuscitative medicine, Drs. Paul Harch and Keith Van Meter from the Louisiana State University in New Orleans. The breadth of my professional practice over the last 15 years includes the interpretation of over 100,000 medical imaging exams, as well a variety of other image-based interventional procedures in medicine. From the lens of my career on the upper Missouri River, I can say without a doubt that there are things that happen in hyperbaric chambers that just do not happen anywhere else in the halls of medicine.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is bigger than any discovery in medical history because its regenerative capabilities, so simply administered, are directly applicable to everyone on earth. The air surrounds us and is a medium that touches all of us. We are gas-powered consciousness, and the same little subatomic particles that power the most advanced computers also power God’s best quantum computer system, the human mind. We are carbon based air-powered computers with cells that are semi-conductors in a network so vast that it is an embarrassment of human hubris to think a silicon based system could ever create an artificial intelligence as grand as the human brain. Revelations and observations are not programmable; inspiration is both a physical act and a metaphysical concept.
In the hands of my physician colleagues at Louisiana State University in New Orleans, who are the world’s leading clinicians, a person like Robert Parrish, who in 1983 drowned at a depth of 110 feet in the Mississippi River, is still walking the earth. In 1998, a young man with anoxic brain injury from a near-drowning incident recovered with hyperbaric oxygen applied in the Intensive Care Unit of a New Orleans area hospital. He was not expected to recover due to the severity of the injury, but simple hyperbaric oxygen applied for three days in short sessions brought his brain back to full working order. And when school started in August, this student was back with his fellow classmates.
Perhaps these were miracles, but it seems that the real miracle would be getting this information out into the world.
The ghost in our machines is air and under pressure our DNA writes faster. Even just a little loss of pressure is a familiar exercise for many of us in how our cells slow down the writing of the biological code. Given that parents have a role in the stewardship of creation and the electric sparks of oxygenated life move through us from generation to generation, it seems no accident that the calling of Malcolm Hooper’s father was that of a preacher. My father and grandfather were attorneys with storied careers on the Nebraska bar, saving the Niobrara River and writing the Omaha City Charter among their accomplishments. So, as the Devil’s advocate in the establishment of academic medicine for the hyperbaric community, I can think of no other maverick more in line with the cowboys at the end of the Chisholm Trail than my brother in arms, Malcolm Hooper. He has challenged the priesthood of medicine.
Like a preacher, Malcolm has found his calling in converting as many of our fellow beings to understanding the prana of oxygen and pressure in the battle against entropy in biological systems. Entropy is just a term for what physicians might call disease, a state of disorder and chaos that reverses with the input of energy and intelligence. In advocating for this chiropractor, who astutely employs thermodynamically-accelerated healing to some of the world’s elite athletes and many fellow countrymen, I would guess the Australian medical authorities might consider this foreword problematic for the full exercise of my free speech rights under the US Constitution. The muzzling of free speech in the area of science and medicine is becoming a fad in western ‘democracies’. Malcolm’s greatest impact on our global movement has been to remind us all that hyperbaric medicine is humanitarian medicine. We live in a marketplace of ideas upside down from humanitarian goals, where greed and downright censorship is the norm for the protection of corrupt proprietary markets. The Wizards of Oz are now upon us with their global bandwidth curtains in media, distracting us from the obvious, cheapest, safest and most profound medical advance, one that is older than all pharmaceutical companies, older even than all the nation-states of our planet.
In an ‘open secrets’ moment of truth, one of the world’s leading athletes of the last 20 years, Novak Djokovic, told the world he was aided in his professional career by using Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy with Malcolm Hooper as his molecular-biophysics coach. This created a stir and hyperbaric as a recovery system was investigated under the suspicion that it could be a version of blood doping. It was ruled legal and a tennis star and his molecular trainer trail-blazed a path through the medical-legal morass of restrictions against this simple process.
The lack of basic awareness of oxygen saturation technology in modern medicine is one of the strangest things I have ever witnessed. That is, until I started to see the claws come out in the turf battles for patients and the various silos of specialties or systems of thought in healthcare. We of the sacred Hippocratic oath have orphaned our best friends from an amazing medical specialty. What is worse is the short sightedness of the MBA class in healthcare administration and insurance companies ignoring the obvious economic gains that come from the input of oxygen under pressure into our fellow beings. Physics amplifies and attenuates biological processes through gases in ways we should be harnessing all over the world. All people should have easy access to some version of barometric pressure medicine as an auspicious right in health care. Why should we not have the right to the simplest, cheapest and safest version of health care?
To my brother of healing pressure Down Under, please forgive me for writing a foreword that only obliquely hints at the great work you have accomplished. I am honored to have the opportunity to write this in the spirit of Cowboy Ethics with a modern bullhorn in hand and the Badlands of the Dakotas on the horizon. Mine is a discourse for the square deal that all of God’s air breathing creatures should be afforded. Speech being the translation of thought and oxygen being the energy currency of our human experience makes this our sacred communication, my friend. The air-powered vibratory tones of humanity that distinguish our consciousness as a more enriched biological quantum computer than our mammalian cousins, is a resonance of sound that connects us all and has kept us gathered in community for eons. We are all atmospherically connected, with nitrogen and argon as ballast for our lungs and oxygen as our cellular currency. We must continue as pressured noble warriors driving oxygen powered molecular translations of a code that we humans only a century ago never knew existed. To borrow from our dear friend, Dr. Paul Harch, ‘it’s OxyGene therapy’. Thank you mate, for sharing some of the most astounding cases I have ever read. Let’s heal the poorest of the poor in the cheapest of ways. The resonance of molecules under pressure is a chorus heard in every corner of the planet for all of the mavericks you have assembled.
Edward F. Fogarty, MD President, International Hyperbaric Medical Foundation Chair, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of North Dakota
‘Dr. Malcolm Hooper is a true pioneer. He understood before most of us in the field the true power of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy to synergize with other treatment strategies to accelerate patient outcomes, especially in orthopedic injury. The Life is in the Blood
is a comprehensive overview of Hyperbaric Medicine and its indications. His passion is palpable, his command of the information unquestionable, and his internal drive to bring Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy to the world is, as an Australian would say, “just awesome”. I owe a huge debt of gratitude to Dr. Hooper and his contemporaries, Dr. Paul Harch and Dr. Shai Efrati, giants in the field, with whom I have the privilege of calling friends and mentors. It is easy to stand on the shoulders of giants when those shoulders are sturdy, strong, and compassionate all at the same time.’
Dr. Scott Sherr, Board-Certified Internal Medicine Physician Founder of IntegrativeHBOT.com and Director of Integrative Hyperbaric Medicine and Health Optimization at Hyperbaric Medical Solutions in New York
‘I have had the pleasure of reviewing The Life is in the Blood and as a clinician I appreciate its coverage of a broad spectrum of medical conditions and the inclusion of exemplary case studies. It is very important that Malcolm Hooper has referenced information about the use of adjunctive therapies to achieve the best possible clinical outcomes. He has done an outstanding job, and his approach to treating spinal cord injury conditions is unparalleled in the field of healing medicine. When I do presentations to groups of medical professionals, I always mention Malcolm’s work because of his efforts to connect the global community of hyperbaric practitioners. Malcolm is right—the life is in the blood, and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy will play an important part in the future of healing medicine.’
Carol L Henricks, MD, NorthStar Neurology PC and NorthStar Hyperbaric
‘What if there were a medical therapy that could treat many problems for which there was no better alternative, and when used correctly often has life enhancing results so profound as to improve the function of those it is used on and change their lives for the better… forever? What if there was such a therapy but it was not connected to special interest groups that could handsomely profit from it? Hyperbaric oxygen is just such a therapy. It is not a miracle, but it is one of the most benign medical procedures in the armamentarium of modern medicine, an orphan therapy because it is not a patented drug and there is no corporation profiting from its use. Wouldn’t Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy pose a significant risk to corporate controlled medicine if it were appropriately utilized for the betterment of the whole of society? Malcolm Hooper’s book gives a great overview of how, when and why hyperbaric oxygen should be an indispensable tool in modern medicine. Yet most people have never heard about it. If this is your first exposure to the subject, you will be pleased at what you find in the pages of this book. If you are familiar with hyperbaric oxygen as a therapy, you will enjoy being reminded of all the benefits that could be had if only it were readily recommended and made available.’
K. Paul Stoller, MD, FACHM, Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy San Francisco, Chief of Hyperbaric Medicine at Azzolino Neurology Group and the editor of Medical Gas Research
‘I often strongly recommend Malcolm Hooper’s work, books, thinking and his treatments to a wide range of my networks. Why? Because Malcolm knows what he is doing, he is scrupulously honest, he is passionate about bringing improved health to everyone with whom he interacts, and he cares about people. In this early part of the 21st century, such willingness to care for others is a remarkable and crucial quality. If Malcolm tells you he believes he can help you, you can believe him. If he cannot help you, he will have no hesitation in honestly telling you so, and then direct you to someone who may be able to help. Read this book. Listen to Malcolm. Learn from Malcolm. And invest your time and energy into your health. After all, what else on earth is more important than your health? In my view, whoever follows Malcolm’s advice will make the world a better place.’
Charles B. Kovess, LL.B. (Hons), LL.M., CSP, MAICD, Professional speaker, author, executive coach and industrial hemp expert
‘You have to admire a pioneer in any field. Malcolm Hooper is a true pioneer in Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Australia and across the world. I have known him for well over a decade—professionally, as a patient, and as a friend. As a medical practitioner, whenever possible, I have always preferred to use physical therapies rather than pharmaceutical products. Working in a medical centre directly opposite Malcolm’s clinic, it wasn’t long before I crossed the road to discover the world of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. Walking through the door, I was immediately made very welcome and then given a guided tour of his excellent facility. His equipment is very impressive. Apart from the hyperbaric chambers, he has invested in several state of the art mobility devices. His passion and enthusiasm for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is infectious. He is quite confident that it will eventually become a mainstream therapy for a wide range of hypoxic inflammatory conditions. He is always ready to produce and discuss the latest journal article relating to Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. His expertise has been acknowledged internationally and is often invited as a keynote speaker at world conferences. With my interest in sports medicine, concussion is becoming a big issue in contact sports like Gridiron in the US and Aussie Rules in Australia. Sports medicine practitioners are very limited in treating these patients. They can monitor their progress with cognitive testing, but there is currently no specific treatment. Unlike an ankle sprain, you can’t compress the brain with a bandage. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, however, does compress the brain and it also floods the injured area with oxygen. Malcolm always attempts to quantify improvement, using very specific inflammatory markers and brain SPECT scans. His first edition, published in 2005, was already an excellent and complete overview of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. In this second edition, which together over 20 years of clinical experience, features several improved changes.’
Dr. John Marx, MB BS, BSc. (Hons)
The greater danger for most of us is not that our aim is too high and we miss it, but that it is too low and we reach it.
Never worry about numbers. Help one person at a time, and always start with the person nearest you.
I thought it appropriate to begin with two of my favourite quotes, and I believe that each has a place in this writing. Anyone who knows Malcolm Hooper can never accuse him of ‘aiming too low,’ which, as Michelangelo reminds us, we are in great danger of doing in our lives. The temptation to settle for the easy way out and rest on our successes is not an option that Mal will ever choose.
I believe Malcolm and I first met in the fall of 2000, at one of Dr. Richard Neubauer’s International Hyperbaric Symposiums in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. It seems obvious now, looking back on that time, that Malcolm would one day become a leader in the field of hyperbaric medicine. I have great respect for the field of chiropractic medicine, and Malcolm truly impressed upon me back then that he was a man on a mission. That mission was to incorporate the full scope and practice of medicine to improve the health of his family and patients in real, meaningful and lasting ways.
Malcolm has a keen vision for improving healthcare, which is coupled with a remarkable depth and breadth of knowledge. He also possesses an uncanny ability to understand and assimilate complex and varied ideas to formulate a reasonable, compassionate and holistic plan of care that is appropriate for a wide range of medical needs. He is absolutely passionate to learn about the nuances and minute details of how our bodies respond to accidents, trauma and disease. He is then relentless in his research and efforts to incorporate the most effective, cutting-edge therapies that can be offered to those with whom he works.
As evidenced in The Life is in the Blood , the cases Malcolm presents are very complex, and difficult to manage and treat. But true to his spirit and calling, he is willing to take on any issue and challenge, never backing down from his vision to help bring healing and wellness to those in greatest need. Prepare to be blown away by what you will learn as you read and evidence visual ‘miracles’ of some unprecedented, non-surgical spinal recovery and healing.
When listening to Malcolm’s hopes of and dreams for improving medical care, one is reminded of the challenge of drinking water from a fire hose. Even so, he is always conscious of the individual patient, who is special, unique and in need of specific care, compassion and healing. Malcolm has a long history of ‘helping the person nearest’ him, while simultaneously looking across the globe for efforts and opportunities that need to be put into place to help others in dire circumstances.
I have personally sought out Malcolm’s wisdom and direction for those in my life whose health was compromised, while also accessing the wealth of knowledge from his website, which is a veritable library and database of medical references, studies and information worthy of use by a medical university.
So, enjoy reading The Life is in the Blood , and take heart that good things are possible for your health through Hyperbaric Medicine. You will also discover other scientifically documented, valid therapies that you may have never heard of before. What ever your background, I can assure you that you will learn a great deal through his book. Malcolm clearly understands that Hyperbaric Medicine is part of the medicine of the future. The time is right for us now to work together to bring forward the full potential of this amazing and profound therapy to make it available in the present.
It is an honor and privilege to call Malcolm Hooper my friend. It is a real gift and a blessing in my life to be closely associated with him through the International Hyperbaric Medical Association and the International Hyperbaric Medical Foundation. Our Association and Foundation work tirelessly to move the healthcare needle in the right direction for all who are in need. Through his dedication, expertise and hard work, Malcolm will continue to play a key role in our work to expand the legitimate scope and practice of Hyperbaric Medicine across the globe. Thank you, Mal, we’re all in your debt.
Barry Argroves Executive Director, International Hyperbaric Medical Association
Dr. Malcolm Hooper has given a most wonderful gift to all medical professions—the light of knowledge. The Life is in the Blood is a great step forward in the quest to understand Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and expand its availability. Dr. Hooper clearly explains why this drug-free tool should be in every physician’s kit, not only as an adjunctive modality but in many cases as a primary course of action.
This text details the basics of Hyperbaric Medicine, its concepts and applications. It will prove a most valuable aid to awakening the medical professions to the fact that they are not treating brain injury, or, in many cases, not treating neurological dysfunction. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is accepted as the best treatment for wound healing, but almost ignored if the it is a ‘brain wound’.
Oxygen is a huge anti-inflammatory but not widely used to treat inflammatory conditions. New drugs are promoted every day but are accompanied by a huge list of negative side effects. Many of these drugs are not approved or indicated for the conditions they treat. Consider Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD). Drug therapy for PTSD is ‘off-label’ but widely used. There is no approved drug for this condition and yet the standard of care is mood altering drug therapy… often with fatal contra-indicators. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy has had amazing success in the treatment of PTSD and yet is not widely utilized because it is off-label. It is a sad state of affairs that the use of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is so heavily restricted by government guidelines when it is actually one of the safest modalities to be offered.
There are many obstacles to overcome if we are to widen the understanding and uses of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. This text is a thought-provoking nudge for all clinicians, researchers and physicians. It is certainly one more large and important step on the pathway of enlightenment.
I congratulate Malcolm Hooper on a most excellent text, for his desire to share his knowledge with the world, and for his efforts to change the culture of medicine. I know that this book will be a useful reference tool for medical professionals worldwide. I am proud to work with Malcolm as a friend and collaborator in bringing Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy into the forefront of medical practice.
Edward A. Betts Executive Director of ANDI International, The Patriot Clinics Inc., ANDI Pressure Solutions, Inc., AHA Hyperbarics USA, Inc.
The Down Under Wonders!
Many of us admire Australian grit.
Malcolm Hooper is from that world that recognizes if you want something done, you better hump your own pack.
He’s in good company with those who precede him in changing the culture and practice of medicine. Consider this short story about the mentality and culture we’re up against, but how the Aussies are leading the charge.
In 1981, two renegade Australian MDs knew that there was a simple treatment for ulcers: an antibiotic to kill Heliobacter pylori bacteria. Conventional medicine already knew that ulcers were caused by stress and yet an entire set of industries grew up around ‘healing’ stress and its aftermath of antacids, stomach surgery for bleeding ulcers, gastritis, stomach cancer and depression. To the ears of gastroenterologists the concept of a germ causing ulcers was like saying that ‘the Earth is flat.’ For them the cause of ulcers was psychosomatic— ‘all in the head.’
To cut to the chase, for their relentless scientific persistence to find a simple treatment for H. pylori bacteria, Marshall and Warren shared a 2005 Nobel Prize. Today the standard of care for an ulcer is treatment with an antibiotic, and stomach cancer—once one of the most common forms of malignancy—is almost gone from the Western world.
There is a close parallel between what Drs. Marshall and Warren took 20 plus years to accomplish, and what Drs. Hooper and Harch and Fogarty and Shor and James and Efrati and a myriad of other internationally recognized Hyperbaric Medicine practitioners and researchers are learning daily. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy works. And we know more and more about why and how. Yet conventional medicine resists the obvious: traumatic brain injury may be an ‘invisible wound’ but it is nevertheless a wound, and so are a myriad of other neurological diseases.
Here’s another head-banger. Research has just confirmed what any warrior or winger already knows: combat, whether on the pitch or the battlefield, can lead to brain wounds. Simply hoping that ‘rest’ and ‘watchful waiting’ will return the wounded to normalcy is a stunning admission of ignorance in light of what Dr. Hooper and others continue to show us. Take a look at any concussion protocols out there. They border on medical malpractice. A whole industry exists to nurse a brain wounded patient back from injury, all without directly mentioning or even bothering to treat the wound. All this symptom reduction and palliation of pain without confronting the underlying wound reminds us that organizations are ungodly beasts in the face of the need for change. You’d think they’d never read a textbook on inflammation, stem cells or hyperbaric medicine. (Oh, wait, of course they haven’t. Hyperbaric medicine is barely mentioned and certainly not in the context of evidence-based medicine.)
Hyperbaric medicine is winning, just not fast enough. But as Arthur Schopenhauer once wrote, ‘The truth goes through three stages: first, it is ridiculed, then it is violently opposed, and then it is accepted as self-evident.’ We can console ourselves with the inevitability of the truth winning out.
Robert L. Beckman, PhD Executive Director, TreatNOW Coalition and Knowledge Manager, Foundation for the Study of Inflammatory Disease
What is the difference between the masters Rembrandt, Michelangelo and Van Gogh and a house painter? All possess the tools to create a masterpiece. But it is passion, unique insight and precision that allow a masterpiece to be revealed.
The use and integration of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in mainstream medicine continues to be surrounded by controversies, misconceptions and assumptions, perpetuated by professionals who have little exposure to this powerful therapeutic option. The reality is that the true advantages of this powerful treatment option will continue to be underestimated if we continue to value procedures over outcomes. Converting truly exceptional patient outcomes into statistical significant results is possible only when professionals are exposed to Hyperbaric Medicine.
The Life is in the Blood by Malcolm R. Hooper fills a void by proposing that the reader explore what is possible when you think outside the box and approach many difficult conditions by integrating Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy into a multi-disciplinary approach.
In 1970, Professor Nicolaas Gerardus Meijne, in a text titled Hyperbaric Oxygen and Its Clinical Value with Special Emphasis on Biochemical and Cardiac Aspects , expressed the following:
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy should be used early in the course of a disease or a condition involving inflammation or hypoxia, as an adjunct to complement other well-established treatment options. It is not a panacea. It is rarely of value as a last resort. Used in this manner the practitioner is committed to extended courses of treatment and treatment failures.
It is unfortunate that many in hyperbaric today, failing to heed Dr. Meijne’s observations from over 50 years, have accepted Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy as a last resort.
The Life is in the Blood is an exceptional contribution to the field of rehabilitation medicine. Through this work, Malcolm reveals his unique insight into multi-disciplinary integrated rehabilitation using Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. This coordinated approach capitalizes on the strengths of each treatment, clinical investigations and comprehensive medical strategies to optimize the recovery and stabilization of Malcolm’s patients.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is a powerful therapeutic option. In the hands of a master like Malcolm—having a significant appreciation of science, knowledge when to employ it and under what circumstances it will be effective—a true masterpiece is revealed. The Life is in the Blood is a window into the passionate insight through which the value of this treatment option is explored.
Thomas M. Fox, MAS, MS, CHT Research Physiologist for the Hyperbaric Institute for Research and Training
Over the last half century medicine has evolved from a tightly personal relationship between patient and physician into a global business that now serves multiple masters, unrecognizable from the patient-physician relationship that existed for many centuries.
Today, impersonal, even indifferent, might be how many patients would describe the relationships they have with their doctors. Accountants, lawyers, legislators, insurance brokers have all been injected into the mix, and with it comes fragmentation of care, and with that comes the loss of focus on the patient. The end result is often many broken links in the chain of care, and sub-optimal delivery of that care.
It has been my privilege to work with a man who understands better than most how critical it is to integrate all aspects of healthcare in our medical system, using as many relevant resources as possible to make sure that people are not lost in the cracks as they traverse the landscape of fragmented medicine.
Malcolm Hooper is a pioneer in Australia and indeed, one could say, the world in helping to establish the science of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy to treat a wide spectrum of disorders. The science behind the use of hyperbaric oxygen has been well-established for decades, but only recently have scientists uncovered the many intricate pathways by which this therapy enables cellular repair to take place and in what circumstances it provides optimal recovery. Malcolm has brought this knowledge into his practice. Based on solid science and evidence, he has brought extraordinary care to Australians with his state of the art facilities in Melbourne.
In The Life is in the Blood , Malcolm Hooper gives the reader not only factual information about Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and its role in healing, he also offers his experience and insights into how the physiology of the human body can be treated effectively without using harmful and often ineffective drugs.
I have worked with Mal for the better part of six years, treating patients who, because of their difficult-to-treat disorders, were long since abandoned by their GPs and specialists. Why? For decades medical knowledge has for the most part been given to the pharmaceutical industry to disseminate, which has led to non-pharmaceutical solutions being ignored in the medical school curricula.
Such has been the case with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. But it is with people like Malcolm Hooper and other leaders in the world of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy that this modality is gaining recognition and will become an integral part of patient care for hundreds of disorders.
Dr Willcourt has been on the faculties of the University of Hawai’I, University of Louisville, Georgetown University, University of Nevada-Reno, and the University of Adelaide.
Robin Willcourt, MB.BS. MD FACOG FRANZCOG, author of Chasing Antelopes and The Last Custodian.
I learned early in my career as a chiropractic physician that chiropractors are not always well received in some spheres of the medical field. However, in 2016, I had something happen that changed my opinion and attitude forever. I was in the audience of the International Hyperbaric Medical Association Annual Conference in New Orleans attempting to listen to the deluge of information that was being presented. Suddenly, like a bolt of lightning, it struck me that Dr. Malcolm Hooper was lecturing to an auditorium filled with physicians from all over the world, physicians from every field imaginable are listening intently to Dr. Hooper and he’s a chiropractor.
Dr. Hooper has managed to accumulate a vast wealth of medical knowledge and experience and has here assembled a concise edition as a premier contribution to Hyperbaric Medicine. This book encompasses information for the novice, a family member searching for a last hope solution for a loved one, and even works well as an introduction for health practitioners.
I once heard Dr. Hooper described as one who possesses great wealth, but that it is wealth measured by his friends and his knowledge. To ask Dr. Hooper a question is like ‘attempting to drink from a fire hose’ because so much knowledge gushes out with inestimable volume and immense force. There is always so much to take in. Stead fast, anchored in his faith and armed with his knowledge, Dr. Hooper is a formidable foe and an incredible physician. Leading the way forward, he is one of the foremost researchers in the world of hyperbaric treatment, from failed back syndrome to chronic inflammation, closed head injury to stroke. This edition covers the disease processes that today cost our society dearly while costing the quality of life of so many.
Dr. Hooper is an articulate author, a compelling lecturer, capable of conveying his knowledge to all who will listen. I recall a moment from 2017 watching Dr. Hooper standing toe to toe with Dr. Paul Harch in the early morning hours in a hotel lobby, exchanging concepts, hypothesis and dosages. There was no indication that either one of these great minds would quiet down anytime soon. Just to be there and be able to listen to the scope of the conversation was motivating and simply inspiring.
Convening an assembly of experts, clinical advisors and physicians, Dr. Hooper has managed to become a successful entrepreneur constructing OXYMED International. From that vantage point, he can provide hyperbaric for some of the world’s elite athletes. He is a visionary, a pioneer in his field, celebrating his successes in quite a manner becoming of his stature.
I remember my younger years being glued to the television watching Jacques Cousteau globetrotting around the world, riding atop the waves aboard the Calypso, and discovering the lay beneath the water. A reporter one day asked Cousteau why his expeditions were so important. Cousteau’s response resonates with me to this day, ‘Someday we might just find the cure for many of the disease processes that robs humans of our lives.’ Today, I find it rather peculiar that our Divine Creator hid the cure not in our vast depths of oceans but all around us. It has been here all this time, it surrounds us everywhere go, we can’t live without it, we breathe it, and now we are able to use it to heal humankind.
So, if you are a health professional and this is your first encounter with hyperbaric, may you become obsessed with it, may you share the experiences of those of us who advocate oxygen therapy, may you find that treatment that saves a family member, and may you shed tears of joy everyday in your practice.
I was taught many of life’s lessons growing up in the Texas Panhandle in the 1960s. Some I have had to visit repeatedly before I learned the lesson. But my most profound lesson is that ‘a man should not be judged or remembered for his accolades, accomplishments or accumulation of wealth. But should be remembered for what he did for his fellow mankind.’ Dr. Mal Hooper, please continue to lead the way.
Dr. Steven Skaggs, DC, C.C.I.C. Clinical Director of Skaggs Chiropratic
‘Malcolm Hooper is one of those rare breeds of health practitioner who combines his spiritual, intellectual, clinical and philanthropic backgrounds into a unique knowledge and foresight capable of providing health solutions and benefits to advantage particularly the disabled. Seeking even one per cent difference for the disabled, whose lives diminish by the day as a result of their unique deck of cards, makes a positive impact on their quality of life. Like all pioneers, mainstream medical resistance has provided inevitable business and regulatory obstacles in Malcolm’s path. Yet his unyielding belief in Hyperbaric Oxygen Theory and robotic rehabilitation protocols has necessitated putting his career, family and financial position constantly on the line to protect the future of his patients, both disabled and elite sportspeople alike. He is the ultimate survivor, visionary, and uniter, demanding of recognition and support to accelerate the development and the implementation of his health science, clinical experience, and vision for how the human brain and body can overcome and prosper from its unique setbacks and circumstances in life. I thank Malcolm for saving my life and redefining my purpose and the impact I can have on others.’
Graeme Little Né Peter Pope Health Politics Advocate
‘Malcolm Hooper and I were university classmates in Melbourne, Australia. It gives me great pleasure to write about the use of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in his new book. I was introduced to the use of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in China for the treatment of a number of health conditions. But Malcolm is the person responsible for bringing me to the realization that Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy may be the solution for many chronic diseases. I have practiced in China for the past 15 years and have personal encounters with many doctors who use Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy routinely. Some of them have more than thirty years of experience and they tell me that Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy can reduce chronic inflammation, inhibit cell apoptosis, balance oxygen free radicals, and activate neural stem cells. They have proved the efficacy of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in their daily practice and I have been privileged to share some of the cases with them. I have no doubt in my mind that Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy will become even bigger in China once standardization is achieved. There are over 5000 hyperbaric oxygen chambers in China and that number is likely to rise substantially in the next decade. The use of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in China differs from the western world and we need the guidance of experts like Malcolm to bring some form of standard to a largely unregulated market. I have had the privilege to preview The Life is in the Blood. Malcolm’s book is well researched and clinically relevant, which is a welcome combination. I cannot wait to share it with my Chinese colleagues.’ Visiting Prof. Henry Chen B.Sc.(Hon), DC., MD., PhD
‘The short journey of life presents many challenges along its path. How humanity deals with the myriad of obstructions, crossroads and roadblocks defines a person’s character and their contribution to humankind. You can just stay in cruise control, enjoy your pension, grandchildren and ride into the sunset, or you can take a leaf out of Dr. Malcolm Hooper’s book. Malcolm is a true visionary not fazed by the obstructions and roadblocks that come his way because he believes in the greater good. His vision of how Hyperbaric Medicine can evolve to treat numerous conditions and improve patient wellbeing is testimony of his character. As an event planner having to organize Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy conferences for over a decade, I have come to know Malcolm well and understand the unique qualities that define him as a special person. He is modest and humble when talking about his wife Kate and their six children, who have all achieved some amazing standards in sport and commercial enterprise. Yet when he talks about Hyperbarics and the role he and others can play on a global level, it’s as if a light bulb has intensified significantly. His enthusiasm for making things happen is contagious, and his knowledge and professional acumen enables him to plan and deliver things in a dynamic and controlled way. Malcolm is realistic enough to know that his vision of Hyperbaric Medicine cannot be a single crusade and that he’s reliant on other expert visionaries passionate to make a change for the better. I commend my friend Dr. Malcolm Hooper on this book. It provides such a good insight into his vision and the desires of others strivng to make Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy far more recognized as a therapy that works in many modalities. So, as Mal would so eloquently say to me, Good on ya mate. You’re fair dinkum!’
Jeremy Phillips President & CEO, FMI Event Management Co-Founder and Joint Owner, Advanced Applications in Medical Practice
‘I have been a hyperbaric physician in Romania since 1992. Hyperbaric Medicine in northern European countries has a long history. Back in the 1970s, surgery was often performed with remarkable results whilst inside a theatre-dedicated hyperbaric chamber. Hyperbaric Oxygen is the application of oxygen at increased pressures to expand the oxygen capacity of the blood, which significantly increases the partial pressure of oxygen in biological tissue. The partial pressure of oxygen becomes higher than when breathing pure oxygen under normal atmospheric pressure. When breathing oxygen at atmospheric pressure, oxygen transport is limited and only a small part of oxygen is transferred by plasma. With hyperbaric oxygenation, oxygen transport by plasma increases significantly. Since most pathological conditions occur in condition of hypoxia (oxygen deficiency), the application of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy accelerates the healing processes. It is absolutely indispensable in treating anaerobic infection, air embolism and carbon monoxide poisoning. In Romania and Russia as well as in other European countries Hyperbaric Oxygen is commonly used before and after surgery to provide better outcomes for both patient and hospital. I commend Malcolm Hooper’s Hyperbaric Medicine – The Life is in the Blood. It is very informative and instructive.’
Dr. Serge Taracila, Surgeon, Oncologist, Certified Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Specialist and Specialist in Hyperbaric Oxygen Apparatus
In Australia, Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy has tended to be associated with a certain mystique, conjuring up thoughts ranging from deep sea divers in distress to injured football heroes hoping to speed up their return to active duty.
Australian doctors have also been limited in their thinking about Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy by the cost constrained group of approved indications in the government listing of medical benefits.
Until more recent times the task of following overseas research into wider applications of this treatment has been limited by access to appropriate library facilities and the constraints of time. The burgeoning use of the Internet has changed this forever, and now the question is one of sorting through the bewildering array of information posted, as well as keeping track of the more traditional channels of journals and texts.
In publishing an account of his experience with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in his Spinal Rehabilitation Group clinic, Malcolm Hooper has come to our aid in this regard with a comprehensive listing of publications outlining the experience of many workers in this field.
I have had a keen interest in Dr. Hooper’s work for many years. We have shared a common interest in the management of spinal injuries. For the past several years I have had the opportunity to work in his clinic, where I have maintained a medical overview of this work. It is worth pointing out that the treatment starts intensively and then continues at appropriate intervals along the way with blocks of treatment. Some remarkable results have been obtained. Certainly it has been rare for spinal patients presenting with pain not to be relieved of their pain and their condition stabilized. The patients have had concomitant treatment in most cases with medication, acupuncture and tactile therapy including chiropractic and physiotherapy modalities. The results I have seen have been superior to those I have grown to expect where these latter modalities have been used alone.
Certainly Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy warrants further evaluation in Australia in a great number of fields beyond the narrow constraints currently observed in the majority of treatment units. My feeling is that it is here to stay, and that it will prove to hold up in many fields, even under the rigour of the harshest controlled experimental design.
Dr. Hooper’s book will prove a rich source of clinical interest in addition to being a valuable resource of reference material. It will act as a guide for those readers who feel inspired to take charge of their health and well being by following the Internet trails, as well as for those in the health care professions wanting to test the boundaries of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy.
Dr Ralph W. Howard, MB BS (Melb), FAIM
All things by immortal power Hidden near or far To each other link’d are That thou canst not stir a flower Without troubling of a star.
Francis Thompson 1845
A frog in a well knows not of the ocean.
Mu Jian 168 A.D.
It ain’t what a man don’t know as makes him a fool, it’s what he does know, as ain’t so.
Mark Twain 1887
Medicine, the sages tell us, is so very old its origins are ‘lost in the limbo of forgotten things’. But the principles of medicine have a way of persisting and insisting on further examination. The current applications of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy are relatively new and for many this means it is controversial. In an age of rapid and extraordinary advances in a multitude of therapeutic interventions, newness of application is invariably accompanied by suspicion, cynicism and controversy.
Hyperbaric Medicine is a living and stubborn challenge to established ‘scientific’ knowledge. Its roots are hundreds of years old and it is based on a sound philosophy and its mode of action can be explained if one accepts its conceptual premises. It is into this maelstrom of technology, empiricism and hard scientific fact that Malcolm Hooper has leapt, rather than entered.
I first met Malcolm some twenty six years ago at Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (Melbourne) where we were both completing Masters Degrees in Applied Science (Acupuncture). I have always considered this an appropriate meeting place in view of the various strands of our relationship that have developed over the ensuing years, embracing scientific and philosophical discussion, and at times hearty debate. I was soon fascinated with Malcolm’s unique contribution to the practice of spinal management and the continued role of chiropractic therapy in Australia – the championing of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. This fascination has continued over the years, as like all emerging concepts challenging traditions, Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy has provided a living, evolving science, broadened by current knowledge and skills available, and responding to the changing needs of patients.
Malcolm has pursued his passion relentlessly and the many grateful patients echo clinical results. Good medicine is always based on thorough diagnosis, and is then followed by a uniquely devised treatment protocol to provide a remedy and facilitate a return to health.
This text is plainly intended as an introduction to Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and for use in teaching the approach. In an age of fast motorcars and industrial deadlines, Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy offers an enormous clinical gift. It is a method of treating patients who have suffered accidents and other incidents of trauma, which result in neurological dysfunction. Other branches of medicine often have little to offer in the treatment of such dysfunction.
Malcolm has a dream. It is to bridge the gap between non-clinical researchers, concerned with the ‘how’ in the light of modern science, and clinicians who ‘know’ that this therapy is effective.
Has he been successful in bridging this gap, and fulfilling his dream?
You, the reader, must be the ultimate judge, but I believe the answer will be in the affirmative and Malcolm will never see his dream turn to regret.
Dr. Alan Lee, PhC, MPS, DC, DA, DAc, FACPP, PhD, GradDipAppSc (Acup), MAppSc (Acup).
POST HBOT2017 INTERNATIONAL HYPERBARIC SYMPOSIUM PRESENTATIONS
Malcolm R. Hooper, D.C.
643 Chapel Street
South Yarra, Victoria 3141
October 2, 2016
Dear Dr. Hooper (Mal): Re: IHMF Presentation
On behalf of the International Hyperbaric Medical Foundation (IHMF) and International Hyperbaric Medical Association (IHMA) and as immediate past president/founder of the IHMF and past president/founder of the IHMA I want to thank you for accepting my invitation to speak in New Orleans, Louisiana 9/911/2016 at the conference: HBOT2016, The Tenth International Symposium on Hyperbaric Oxygenation. More importantly, I want to congratulate you on stunning presentations that garnered the highest reviews by the conference attendees. This is no small feat considering that all of the other speakers are noted highly experienced national and international lecturers, many of them from the faculty of the Louisiana State University School of Medicine New Orleans Hyperbaric Medicine Fellowship and Emergency Medicine Department. Your presentations and the imaging/videos of treated cases left the audience enraptured and awed at clinical outcomes that are rarely seen in medicine. Again, congratulations on superlative lectures.
The quality of your lectures was no surprise to me. I have known you for nearly two decades and have witnessed your accomplishments repetitively over that period of time. You are a brilliant clinician. The breadth of your scientific knowledge is astounding and at a level far beyond any of your peers. More importantly, it is buttressed and underpinned by an extensive knowledge of the medical literature. The application of this knowledge and your techniques/treatments to patients with the following untreatable conditions was remarkable if not sensational:
Failed back syndrome: a condition for which there is no treatment. Patients are relegated to a poor quality of life with chronic pain and narcotic addiction. The cases you presented who had failed so many surgeries and who were able to improve their chronic symptoms and quality of life after hyperbaric oxygen therapy had never been witnessed by the conference audience.
Large acute herniated disk: The reduction in size of such large herniated disks (nearly 2 cm) to less than 5 mm with repetitive hyperbaric oxygen therapy was astounding. MRI images don't lie. Such a large change in anatomy is typically only possible with surgery.
Chronic spinal cord injury/paraplegia: The treatment of the young paralyzed girl with Lokomat and hyperbaric oxygen therapy is something I have only witnessed in the treatment of acute cord injury with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. In the 1990s I had the largest series of acute spinal cord injury cases treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the United States. I enjoyed significant success with incomplete or non-transected cord injury. Since that time I have treated 20-30 chronic spinal cord injured patients. Improvements are minimal except in divers with cord decompression sickness. I have never achieved the degree of motor function you demonstrated in the little girl with chronic paraplegia. The potential for others with chronic cord injury and severe acute cord injury is unequaled by any other therapy I have witnessed with the exception of the extremely invasive omental transposition to the cord.
Sports injuries in elite athletes: these cases alone are testament to your clinical effectiveness. To compete at the international professional sports level athletes, rely on the finest nuances of training, diet, and rehabilitation of injury. Mistakes aren't tolerated and are extremely costly. Your success with the application of hyperbaric oxygen therapy and other therapies to this group of athletes, some of whom are world champions, is beyond noteworthy.
Use of cytokine and interleukin monitoring in the treatment of patients with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. This is a brilliant scientifically based approach to document clinical outcomes. As you know, one of the largest clusters of genes up-regulated by hyperbaric oxygen therapy is the anti-inflammatory gene cluster and one of the largest clusters of down-regulated genes is the pro-inflammatory' gene cluster. The increases in anti-inflammatory cytokines/interleukins and reductions in pro-inflammatory cytokines/interleukins nicely tracked the cases you presented. I would suggest that you are pioneering a new method of clinical monitoring in hyperbaric medicine.
All of these examples represent contributions at the forefront of the medical profession. As a result of your clinical achievements, scientific knowledge, and importance to the field of hyperbaric medicine the IHMF board invited you to become a board member. We expect that you will continue your multi-modality groundbreaking achievements in orthopedics, neurology, and sports medicine and that you will significantly help the IHMF lead the advance of hyperbaric medicine worldwide.
Paul G. Harch, M.D
Immediate Past President, IHMF
Clinical Professor, Director, Hyperbaric Medicine Department, University Medical Center, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center,
New Orleans, Louisiana
September 23, 2016
Malcolm R. Hooper
Clinical Director, Founder
HyperMED I OXYMED Australia I OXYGENIOO - Heal The Warriors
643 Chapel Street
South Yarra Victoria 3141
My heartfelt gratitude goes out to you for so many reasons after working with you over the last several months. When the International Hyperbaric Medical Foundation began organizing the HBOT2016 conference, we set an agenda to bring speakers in who are involved in the most avant garde work around the world in hyperbaric medicine. Whether in research venues or in clinical access, we felt it critical to expose our delegates to a broad spectrum of advances to this amazing modality of healing and therapeutics. We knew your situation in Australia had generated great political and regulatory difficulties and thought it might be too much to ask you to come to the United States for our scientific meeting.
We are certainly glad you decided to press on to Louisiana. Your presentations were among the best received. Our delegates' review of your lectures were peppered with many great comments. You were at the top of all the assembled luminaries in the review of speakers data that was collated at the conference. That clearly does not happen on charm alone in this group of critical thinkers who have had to battle against so many fronts to continue to care for their patients in the face of so many economic barriers. The underfunded hyperbaric research community has had similar difficulties but without the blatant close-mindedness of trade restrainers and interference from the larger medical profession and regulators.
As someone who interprets musculoskeletal and spinal MRIs on a daily basis, your approach to metabolically quieting chemotaxis and cytokines in the treatment of disc disease is innovative and ultimately a great cost savings to the usual treatment course when surgery might otherwise be endeavored. The neuroplasticity approach to physical rehabilitation in combination with "molecular" rehabilitation via HBOT that you have incorporated into the care of children with gait abnormalities from neurological conditions such as cerebral palsy has truly generated astounding and obvious clinical results. Performance athletes and professional contact sports teams are in need of the metabolic stimulation of repair that hyperbaric medicine affords to improve their work product. You have shown Australians that an organizational approach can leverage the performance benefits of hyperbaric therapy to benefit an entire team's ranking. The world's sports industry may have a few billionaires interested in hiring you to work with their physicians as the premier "metabolic conditioning" coach.
Clearly your pioneering spirit and deep study of the world's literature have brought you to a unique place in the world. As you so eloquently stated in New Orleans, access to our own metabolic, genetic and proteinomic cellular assets through HBOT is truly becoming a "human rights" issue. Conversely, the economic, regulatory, professional and infrastructure barriers to access of this centuries old idea is a grave omission in the education of our world's physicians. Economic influences in the politics of medicine across much of the English-speaking world of science suggests that protectionism of proprietary medical advances might explain the lack of media coverage in the advances of hyperbaric medicine. What other medical intervention can resuscitate a life so far gone into death as we saw with Dr. Keith Van Meter's lecture? How many children or young adults are in a persistent obtunded state waiting to be recovered by HBOT such as Curt Allen was by Dr. Paul Harch?
All of us in the hyperbaric scientific community recognize the growing body of research that stem cells are released at remarkable levels by the stimulus of HBOT. Our fellow human beings should have access to their own stem cells as a human right, and our economies might agree better with the markedly improve resource utilization when oxygen saturation technology such as this becomes a force multiplier of our own "natural" healing resources. Arduous is the mission here of course, but the overall benefit to society and our national economies cannot be denied in the use of pressure vessels with the ultimate nanotechnology of unpatentable molecular medicine.
Your efforts in society are applauded by rest of us on the board of the IHMF, not only as a brilliant lecturer who has had a 2-decade involvement with the IHMF-HBOT conferences and shared collegiality but as a true humanitarian. With the future of the International Hyperbaric Medical Foundation firmly grounded by the growing global interest in hyperbaric medicine, it is a great honor to have you serve on the board of directors. Our international community of learned global citizens in this revolutionary approach to improvement of the human condition will have a "friend of science" in you that truly works for the benefit of fellow humans. As we move forward together in developing international standards of care and practice tiers, it will be a goal for us to help you establish hyperbaric practice guidelines among varying professional classes within the Australian Health Practitioners Regulatory Agency.
Thank you again for coming to America, exposing our delegates to such progressive healthcare ideas, and accepting the board position on the International Hyperbaric Medical Foundation.
Dr Edward "Ted" Fogarty
Chair, Department of Radiology
UND School of Medicine and Health Sciences Southwest Campus-Bismarck
701 East Rosser Avenue, Second Floor Office Suites
Bismarck, North Dakota, 58501
Phone: (701) 751-9579
Fax: (701) 751-9571